- Colombia_PERLA national survey
- Brazil_PERLA national survey
- Peru_PERLA national survey
- Mexico_PERLA national survey
For Mexico, Colombia and Peru, the PERLA effort represents the first in-depth survey of ethnicity and race. In Brazil, by contrast, several surveys of ethnicity have been conducted since at least 1995, which reflects that country’s longer history of research as well as its general concern with racial issues. In many ways, a fairly developed body of research on Brazil, which includes my own (Telles 2004) serves as a useful guide.